Present tense    https://www.billmounce.com/monday-with-mounce/are-you-saved-or-are-you-being-saved%E2%80%9D-1-cor-15-2

Paul writes to the Corinthians, “Now I would remind you, brothers, of the gospel I preached to you, which you received, in which you stand, and by which you are being saved (σωζεσθε), if you hold fast to the word I preached to you— unless you believed in vain” (ESV).

This is one of the main verses used when speaking of the three “times” of salvation — past (on the cross), now (as we walk the path), and the future (Day of the Lord). I was asked the other day whether σωζεσθε should be translated“are saved” (NASB, NIV, HCSB, KJV) or “are being saved” (ESV, NET). In other words, is it an aoristic present or a continuous or even a futuristic present?

There are varied and unrelated translations that go with either, so part of the answer is, yes, you can translate it either way. But why the difference, and which is to be preferred?

Fee and Garland see the progression of the verse as going from the past (“received”), present (“stand”), and the present process with the future reality (“are being saved”), understanding that salvation is in one sense a process that will not reach completion until the Day of the Lord.

That there is a future aspect to salvation is undeniable. Rom 5:9 makes it explicit. “Since, therefore, we have now been justified by his blood, much more shall we be saved (σωθησομεθα) by him from the wrath of God” (see also 1 Thess 5:9-10). More importantly, because of its contextual proximity, is 1 Cor 1:18 where the continuous (or imperfective if you wish) participle σωζομενοις requires a present sense. “For the word of the cross is folly to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God” (ESV). Surprisingly, most translations go with “who are being saved” here even if they say “are saved” in 15:2, but this is required by the obviously continuous “are perishing.”

So which is to be preferred? Thiselton says the commentaries are agreed that the continuous aspect “is to be explicated” as it “denotes what is done for them in the future,” and think this is best in this context. What would it mean if Paul said they “are” saved “if” they persevere? Not sure that makes sense. The necessity of perseverance and the meaning of the passage does not make sense if in fact the person’s salvation is in every way wholly accomplished in the past.

I know this is constantly a hot topic, but I guess part of your decision comes down to your theology. (What doesn’t?) But as I see it, it makes less sense to say they “are saved if” and more sense to say “are being saved if,” and I would point primarily to 1 Cor 1:18.

Ever since I started pastoring, I think this has been the main question that haunts me. What is a Christian? What is a simple, straight forward, easy-to-understand answer that makes use of all biblical data?

For me, it is Jesus’ gate and path analogy. Being a Christian is a being a follower of Jesus. You start following at the gate, continue following as you walk along the path, and at the end of the path of perseverance is life. So for me, it is easy to say that while I celebrate the finished work of Christ on the cross and the underserved, grace-filled, regenerative work of the Holy Spirit at my conversion, there is a very real sense in which my salvation is an ongoing process culminating in glorification, provided of course that I hold fast to the gospel.

Isn’t that what Paul is saying?

Comments

 

According to the New Testament, Jesus came “to heal the broken-hearted” and, “to set the captives free”. According to Jesus, if we listen to him, we will know the truth and the truth will make us free. Jesus says several times, “to those who overcome…” and Jesus in Matthew says, “those who endure to the end shall be saved”. Elsewhere in the New Testament the Greek “sozo” literally means “heal, do well, make whole” and is correctly translated in NKJV several times as “being saved.” Salvation is clearly an ongoing process, as Paul says, for now we see “in part” and again Paul says, “not as if I have attained, but I press on. . .” and again Paul says, if we think we know, we know nothing as yet as we ought to know and again Paul says, “my heart’s desire is to know Jesus better and better”. And again Paul says, that we need to “work out our own salvation”, for it is God within us who “works” in the present tense. Obviously, Paul believed he needed to become better than he already was. To pretend that salvation is not an ongoing process is to pretend that Peter, James, John and Paul were already perfect and had no sin and, to pretend salvation is not an ongoing process is to deny the very reason why Jesus died, which is to save us from what keeps every man, woman and child on earth from being as free as we would like to be. Sin is why where ever we go, we can observe people trying in various ways to be more free than they already are. Like the Bible says, Jesus came to heal the broken-hearted and to set the captives free, clearly an ongoing process.

According to the New Testament, Jesus came “to heal the broken-hearted” and, “to set the captives free”. According to Jesus, if we listen to him, we will know the truth and the truth will make us free. Jesus says several times, “to those who overcome…” and Jesus in Matthew says, “those who endure to the end shall be saved”. Elsewhere in the New Testament the Greek “sozo” literally means “heal, do well, make whole” and is correctly translated in NKJV several times as “being saved.” Salvation is clearly an ongoing process, as Paul says, for now we see “in part” and again Paul says, “not as if I have attained, but I press on. . .” and again Paul says, if we think we know, we know nothing as yet as we ought to know and again Paul says, “my heart’s desire is to know Jesus better and better”. And again Paul says, that we need to “work out our own salvation”, for it is God within us who “works” in the present tense. Obviously, Paul believed he needed to become better than he already was. To pretend that salvation is not an ongoing process is to pretend that Peter, James, John and Paul were already perfect and had no sin and, to pretend salvation is not an ongoing process is to deny the very reason why Jesus died, which is to save us from what keeps every man, woman and child on earth from being as free as we would like to be. Sin is why where ever we go, we can observe people trying in various ways to be more free than they already are. Like the Bible says, Jesus came to heal the broken-hearted and to set the captives free, clearly an ongoing process.